LOḤAMEI HA-GETTA'OT

LOḤAMEI HA-GETTA'OT (Heb. לוֹחֲמֵי הַגֶּטָּאוֹת; "The Ghetto Fighters"), kibbutz in the northern Coastal Plain of Israel, 3 mi. (5 km.) N. of Acre, affiliated with Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad. Loḥamei ha-Getta'ot was founded in 1949 as one of the first villages to be erected in the framework of the comprehensive settlement scheme for Acre Plain and Western Galilee, by a group from Poland composed of survivors of the resistance against the Nazis in Polish and Lithuanian ghettos, among them Itzhak (Antek) zuckerman and ziviah lubetkin . The kibbutz is located near an aqueduct built by Aḥmad Pasha al-Jazzār at the end of the 18th century to lead the kabri spring waters to Acre. Farming at Loḥamei ha-Getta'ot included dairy cattle in partnership with kibbutz Ma'yan Barukh , poultry, avocado plantations, fishery, and field crops in partnership with the kibbutzim kibbutz adamit and kibbutz shomrat . The kibbutz ran a factory producing condensers and other electronic equipment and operated guest rooms and a restaurant. However, its main source of livelihood was the Tivall food company, which produced cholesterol-free products in partnership with the Osem company. The Ghetto Fighters' House in memory of Yitzḥak Katznelson, the Holocaust Museum, and an educational center named after janusz korczak are located in Loḥamei ha-Getta'ot. The kibbutz also published a research bulletin, Yedi'ot. At the close of the 1960s the population of Loḥamei ha-Getta'ot numbered 341, in the mid-1990s, it was approximately 530, while at the end of 2002 it declined somewhat to 480. -WEBSITE: hebrew.gfh.org.il/kibutz\_lohamei\_hagetaot.htm . (Efraim Orni / Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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